Grabbing point clouds from Ensenso cameras

In this tutorial we will learn how to use the IDS-Imaging Ensenso cameras within PCL. This tutorial will show you how to configure PCL and how to use the examples to fetch point clouds from the Ensenso.

Install Ensenso drivers

The Ensenso drivers are free (as in beer) and available for download, for each of them follow the instructions provided:

Plug-in the camera and test if the Ensenso is working, launch nxView in your terminal to check if you can actually use the camera.

Configuring PCL

You need at least PCL 1.8.0 to be able to use the Ensenso cameras. You need to make sure WITH_ENSENSO is set to true in the CMake configuration (it should be set to true by default if you have followed the instructions before).

The default following values can be tweaked into cmake if you don’t have a standard installation, for example:

ENSENSO_ABI_DIR     /opt/ensenso_test/development/c

You can deactivate building the Ensenso support by setting WITH_ENSENSO to false. Compile and install PCL.

Using the example

The pcl_ensenso_viewer example shows how to display a point cloud grabbed from an Ensenso device using the EnsensoGrabber class.

Note that this program opens the TCP port of the nxLib tree, this allows you to open the nxLib tree with the nxTreeEdit program (port 24000). The capture parameters (exposure, gain etc..) are set to default values. If you have performed and stored an extrinsic calibration it will be temporary reset.

If you are using an Ensenso X device you have to calibrate the device before trying to run the PCL driver. If you don’t you will get an error like this:

ensenso_ptr->enumDevices ();
ensenso_ptr->openTcpPort ();
ensenso_ptr->openDevice ();
ensenso_ptr->configureCapture ();
ensenso_ptr->setExtrinsicCalibration ();

The code is very similar to the pcl_openni_viewer. All the Ensenso devices connected are listed and then the point cloud are fetched as fast as possible.

Here is an example of the terminal output

$ pcl_ensenso_viewer
Initialising nxLib
Number of connected cameras: 1
Serial No    Model   Status
140242   N10-1210-18   Available

Opening Ensenso stereo camera id = 0
FPS: 3.32594
FPS: 3.367
FPS: 3.79441
FPS: 4.01204
FPS: 4.07747
FPS: 4.20309
Closing Ensenso stereo camera
_images/ensenso_viewer.jpg

Another example is available in PCL sources, it uses OpenCV to display Ensenso images and the PCLVisualizer to display the point cloud at the same time.

Extrinsic calibration

If you want to perform extrinsic calibration of the sensor, please first make sure your EnsensoSDK version is greater than 1.3. A fully automated extrinsic calibration ROS package is available to help you calibrate the sensor mounted on a robot arm, the package can be found in the Institut Maupertuis repository.

The following video shows the automatic calibration procedure on a Fanuc R1000iA 80f industrial robot: